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Psychology

Psychology of adolescents

It is said that adolescence is the most difficult age of a child, because at this time the strongest development of the organism occurs: the transition from childhood to adulthood. But adolescents are experiencing changes not only in physiological terms, at this age children try to find themselves, their way in life, their place in life and the social ladder. The task of adults, parents and teachers, is to help the child go this way with dignity and become a full-fledged person and a member of society.

          A teenager is a young boy or girl aged 12 to 17 years old who is undergoing physiological changes in the body. This age is also called transition: girls start their first menstruation, boys have hair growth on their face and body, first wet dreams. In connection with the formation of sexual characteristics and functions at this age, children are very interested in the opposite sex and seek to build communication with them.

Features of adolescence

  • Comprehensive puberty, accompanied by rapid physical growth, changes in height and weight, changes in body proportions (for example, boys' shoulders increase, the figure becomes more “masculine”).
  • Sexual orientation of a teenager forms and completes. Secondary sexual characteristics forms (see above). Interest in potential partners increases.
  • Difficulties in the blood supply to the brain, the functioning of the lungs, the heart, associated with the rapid growth of organs and the restructuring of the body.
  • The ability to think logically, to operate with abstract categories, to fantasize (young children do not have such abilities, they develop over time). That is why in adolescence children often begin to engage in creative work: to draw, write poems and songs, and also are interested in philosophical studies and strive for logical thinking, debates on philosophical and other topics.
  • The ability to empathize appears, the experiences themselves become deeper, the feelings become stronger. There is interest in previously uninteresting areas of life (social, political, etc.).
  • Communication with peers becomes a necessity, it gives the opportunity to express emotions, share, and also gives the possibility of the formation of norms of behavior in society.
  • Communication with parents and relatives goes to the background.
  • The need to belong to a group of teenagers occurs. In particular, which welcomes certain elements of clothing, speech turns, etc. In this sense, those who do not have these features may not be accepted in this group.
  • The desire to assume the duties and rights of adults.
  • Formation of the child's self-esteem, the ability to accept both their own positive and negative characteristics, including in volitional sphere.

A frank conversation about the difference in perception between children and their families will help parents and adolescents better to know each other, which means getting closer: “When parents give adolescents the opportunity to express their opinions, it helps to improve their logical reasoning skills, which in turn affects the psychological health and happiness in the hereafter. "